Provita Layer Hatcheries Ltd
Hatcheries serve as the key link between chicken breeding and chicken production. Because virtually all chickens grown for meat and egg production are hybrids, their progeny will lose hybrid vigor. This means specialized farms are used to maintain lines of genetically pure breeds that are used as parent, grandparents, or even great-grandparent stocks for the eventual production breeds.
Provita has Five (5) own hatchery and one rental hatchery and monthly production on an average broiler DOC 90,00,000 and Layer DOC 1,50,000(Female) whereas national production per month broiler 5,20,00,000 and layer 42,00,000(Female) Day Old Chicks(DOC). Provita has two breeds for Broiler- SF Cobb-500 and IR and one breed for layer is Shaver 579. Provita hatchery is the following:
A hatchery is used to raise eggs under controlled conditions. A hatchery is a facility where eggs are hatched under artificial conditions, especially those of fish or poultry. It may be used for ex-situ conservation purposes, i.e. to breed rare or endangered species under controlled conditions; alternatively, it may be for economic reasons (i.e. to enhance food supplies or fishery resources).
The hatcher is the part of the incubator where the eggs lay still for the last 3 days of the incubation cycle (In the case of chicken eggs). Generally the humidity and airflow is slightly higher at this part of the incubator due to the fact that eggs require a higher humidity towards the hatching phase.
Day old Chicken (DOC): A chick classified as a ‘day-old chick’ is up to 72 hours old (this is when the yolk sac in the egg runs out). At present, chicks destined for organic systems are not treated differently until they get to the grow-out farm. Chicks need extra heat and high humidity during the first weeks of life.
Commercial Chicken: Commercial Poultry. Poultry is the class of domesticated fowl (birds) farmed for their meat, eggs or feathers. These most typically are members of the orders Galliformes (such as chickens and turkeys), and Anseriformes (waterfowl such as ducks and geese). All of the different types of poultry can be organized into four categories: land fowl, waterfowl, game and others.